Getting over Gum Disease

Woman in pain with the inflammation of gums

Woman in pain with the inflammation of gumsWhether it is a winning smile or a clean bill of dental health, it takes more than a set of pearly white teeth. Healthy gums are crucial to healthy teeth. They support the teeth and provide a barrier against bacteria that are waiting to overrun the body. Gum disease is a major cause of tooth loss and is also linked to increased risks of stroke, diabetes and heart disease.

Preventing gum disease in Perth and treating it when it occurs is the job of a dentist specially trained in looking after the tissues that support the teeth, such as at Elite Perio.

How can gum disease be prevented?

The most effective way to prevent gum disease is through regular daily brushing and flossing of the teeth. Electric toothbrushes are often recommended as they enable continuous motion and consistent pressure. However standard toothbrushes can also do they job as long as patients make sure that they use them correctly and that they are in good shape, without the bristles splayed out.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

Signs of gum disease include:

  • Red, sore, swollen or bleeding gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Gums pulling away from the teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Changes in the way the teeth bite together

A patient with gum disease in Perth may experience one, several or all of these symptoms.

What are the consequences of gum disease?

The inflammation that results from gum disease can make eating and chewing an uncomfortable or even painful experience. If left untreated, gum disease in Perth can ultimately result in tooth loss, which brings with it a whole new set of problems.

How can gum disease be treated?

Gum disease in its earlier stages, known as gingivitis, can be treated by physically removing the offending bacteria. Local anaesthetic can be used, if needed, to keep the patient as comfortable as possible. A period of healing is then required, during which time the dentist will monitor the patient’s gums to check that they are re-attaching to the teeth.

Gum disease in its later stages, known as periodontitis, may require further intervention in the form of surgery to re-attach the gums to the teeth.