Methods of Surgical Treatment for Gum Diseases

Dentist checking a patient's teeth

Dentist checking a patient's teethEveryone should achieve periodontal health in the least invasive way and in the most cost-effective manner, the American Academy for Periodontology (AAP) explains.

Unfortunately, non-surgical periodontal treatment has its limits. This is why sometimes, it doesn’t achieve periodontal health. When this happens, your dentist may perform a surgery to rescue the situation.

Here are some surgical treatment procedures that your reliable periodontics in Spanish Fork might use to fix your oral health.

Bone Graft

This process comprises the use of fragments of a synthetic bone, a donated bone, or your own bone to replace the lost bone due to gum disease. The graft provides a surface suitable for the re-growth of a new bone, which restores teeth stability.

This method sometimes employs a new technology known as tissue engineering. It pushes your body to generate tissue and bone at a high speed.

Pocket Reduction/Flap Surgery

This procedure lifts back gums to remove tartar. It smoothens out irregular parts of the ruined bone to minimize the spaces where bacteria can hide.

The dentist then places back the gum, in a way that the tissue snugly fits around the teeth. By reducing the space between the tooth and the gum, it reduces the chances of bacteria to survive. Any surviving bacteria can cause periodontal disease.

Soft Tissue Graft

Soft tissue graft works to reinforce fills or thin gums in areas where the gums have receded. Dentists often obtain additional soft tissue within your mouth, particularly from the roof part. It is then stitched onto the gum to add tissue density to the affected area.

For a majority of patients, the non-invasive procedures, which involve root planning and scaling, are all they need to treat gum issues. Surgical treatment is only necessary when the surrounding tissue and bone are unhealthy and that non-surgical options cannot repair.